نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامهریزی روستایی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران
2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری و روستایی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، ایران.
3 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Many cities around the world today face many challenges in different urban areas, including job cuts, innovative projects, the expansion of management issues, and partnerships. Factors that have already been formed with the development of cities, transportation, proximity to raw materials are less important. New problems and dilemmas are now on the agenda of cities, which is partly the result of the disappearance of old rhythms abandoned by life and work based on factory and office. But the competition that exists or will exist in the era of globalization between cities is in attracting experts (Hosseini et al., 2016: 210). In fact, the city should be an attractive environment to attract and strengthen talents, innovations and creative ideas, and the creativity of special people such as artists, scientists, writers, ordinary citizens and even dissidents to solve basic problems. The purpose is to use the existence and planning of creative development (Mafi et al., 2018: 34). There is no doubt that a successful urban environment is one that nurtures and attracts talent. A city producing research that is able to add new parts to the economic, cultural and social dimensions of urban management and thus create new opportunities for cities at the national and transnational levels (Nairi, 2017: 13(.Creative areas in urban places play an important role in increasing urban creativity. Places that show the cultural symbols of the city. Maintaining cultural, social, religious and national beliefs as a strong pillar for the development of creative thinking among the city's residents is vital in order to raise the culture of citizenship and the sustainability of urban places. Knowledge of creative city and creative region for city managers, city planners and planners causes their correct and better understanding of city and region, good analysis and providing appropriate solutions to the problems of city and region. Creative cities and regions can be identified by studying the concepts, elements, indicators and strategies of the city and the creative region. By knowing the creative cities and regions, we can have the right plans for the growth and development of the city and region (Zabihidan, 2019 : 105). The purpose of this study is to investigate the status of creativity indicators in the cities of Kermanshah province. And in order to achieve the goals seeks to find answers to the following questions:
1. How are the cities of Kermanshah province in terms of creativity indicators compared to each other?
2. What are the most enjoyable and Low enjoyment cities of the province?
3. Which model is a better way to determine the status of cities?
The present study is applied in terms of purpose. It is also based on the method of work and descriptive-analytical nature. Its statistical population is 14 cities of Kermanshah province. In this research, by using the library method and referring to the documents related to the subject of creativity, the theoretical foundations, literature and scope of the study have been investigated and in order to check the status of creativity indicators, 42 indicators were studied and selected to achieve the desired goal To analyze the information and answer the research questions, multi-criteria decision models (WASPAS SAR and SAW) and the integration method and the percentage of changes have been used to determine which model is better for examining the status of creativity indicators ArcGIS software is also used to display the output results as a map.
The positive results of creative development in different cities of the world show the appropriate effectiveness of this new development approach in these cities .In fact, the concept of creative city can be considered as an alternative approach to revitalizing the city and alternative thinking to look at the city. Some say the economy may be important, while others say social welfare is important. But we need to know that the focal point of a creative city is culture, education, atmosphere or creative space. In response to the question, what is the level of creativity of the cities of Kermanshah province in terms of creativity indicators? After the amount of each city was obtained in three models, WASPAS SAR and SAW, they were merged together and an average was obtained for each city, which ranked the cities according to the results of the integration method and their level of enjoyment. Characterized. According to the results of the city, Qasrshirin, Dalahou, Paveh, Harsin, Kermanshah, Islamabad Gharb, Ravansar, Kangavar and Songhor are half-enjoyed and five cities are Sahneh, Gilan-e-Gharb, Sarpol-e-Zahab, Thalas-e-Babajani and Javanrood Low enjoyment.
In response to the question, which are the richest and least privileged cities of the province? The results show that there is no prosperous city at all and the most prosperous city is Qasr Shirin with a rate of 0.497 which is in the first rank and the least privileged city is Javanrood with a rate of 0.157 which is in the last rank .
Finally, in answer to the question, which model is the better way to determine the status of cities? The SAW model had the lowest change with 9.5% and the WASPAS and SAR models had the highest change with 11.9%. These results show that the SAW model is a better method than other models (SAR and WASPAS) to evaluate the status of cities because the results of this model have a lower percentage and intensity of change. At the end, suggestions for improving the situation of creativity indicators in the city of the province are presented:
-Increasing activities related to local arts, creating spaces to increase citizen participation, holding local celebrations and ceremonies in the cities of the province according to their abilities- Supporting handicrafts and indigenous arts, providing appropriate conditions for activities related to urban creativity, focusing on the concept of artistic and cultural creativity in many other areas, including employment, industry, education and ... Utilizing the experiences of cities around the world in the field of creativity, providing and equipping cultural infrastructures, such as cinemas, libraries, theaters, cinemas, etc., training specialists in various fields