تدوین استراتژی مدیریت پسماند شهرداری‌ها و دهیاری‌های استان گلستان (با تاکید بر کمپوست وRDF )

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

سازمان مدیریت پسماند گلستان

چکیده

امروزه ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ راﻫﺒﺮدی پسماندهای شهری ﮔﺎﻣﻲ ﻣﺆثر در ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻫﺪاف ﺳﺎزﻣﺎﻧﻲ در برنامه‌های بلند مدت می‌باشد. ﻟﺬا هدف اﻳﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ارایه ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‌رﻳﺰی راﻫﺒﺮدی ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ استان گلستان برای رسیدن به نتیجه مطلوب است. در این مطالعه ی توصیفی- تحلیلی، اطلاعات اولیه از طریق متون کتابخانه‌ای، مشاهدات، تکمیل پرسشنامه از طریق 30 نفر افراد متخصص در این زمینه به دست آمد. سپس ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮر اراﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ راﻫﺒﺮدی ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎی استان گلستان از ماتریس SWOT و ماتریس برنامه‌رﻳﺰی کمی راﻫﺒﺮدی QSPM اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﺷﺪه است.
ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎی ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻧﺸﺎن داد مهم‌ترین راﻫﺒﺮد ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ اﻣﺘﻴﺎز ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻫﺪاف ﺳﺎزﻣﺎن و دﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪار در استان گلستان ﻫﻤﻜﺎری و ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ دوﻟﺖ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ اﻋﺘﺒﺎرات ﻻزم است. ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﻛﺮدن ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺟﺬب ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ‌ﻫﺎی خصوصی اولویت بعدی است. اوﻟﻮﻳﺖ‌ﻫﺎی راﻫﺒﺮدی به دﺳﺖ آﻣﺪه در این ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻣﻲﺗﻮاﻧﺪ در ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ پایدار، ﮔﺎﻣﻲاﺻﻮﻟﻲ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻫﺪاف ﻣﺤﻴﻂ زﻳﺴﺘﻲ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ شهرداری‌ها و دهیاری‌های استان گلستان ﺑه ﺷﻤﺎر رود. از ﺳﻮی دﻳﮕﺮ ﺷﻬﺮداری‌ﻫﺎ و ﺳﺎزﻣﺎنﻫﺎی ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮاﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎی ﻻزم را ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ اﺑﺘﻜﺎرﻫﺎ و اﺑﺪاعﻫﺎی ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﺳﺎزﻣﺎندﻫﻲ و اﺟﺮا ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮادهﻫﺎ، ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ و ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ، ادارهﻫﺎ و اراﻳﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎن ﺧﺪﻣﺎت در زﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ، ﻣﻠﺰم ﺑﻪ اﺟﺮای ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﺷﻬﺮی ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Development of Waste Management Strategy in Municipalities and Villages of Golestan Province (With Emphasis on Compost and RDF)

نویسندگان [English]

  • sara foroutan
  • hojatollah rashidi
Goleastan wasre management organization
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Today, Municipal solid waste strategic management is an effective step towards achieving organizational goals in long-term plans, the aim of this study was to provide strategic planning for solid waste management in Golestan province to achieve the desired result. In this descriptive-analytical study, basic information through Library texts, observations, questionnaire completion through 30 experts were obtained in this field. Then, SWOT matrix and QSPM quantitative strategic planning matrix were used to present the strategic plan of solid waste management in Golestan province.
The findings showed that the most important strategy with the highest score is necessary to achieve the goals of the organization and achieve sustainable, cooperation and government support for allocation of credits. It is the next priority to create the opportunity to attract private partnerships. The strategic priorities can be achieved in the path of sustainable development, a suitable step for achieving the goals of the environment biological solid waste management in Municipalities and Villages of Golestan Province. Municipalities and local organizations can organize and implement the necessary policies to strengthen local innovations. Families, industries and businesses, departments and service providers in the field of solid waste are also required to implement urban solid waste management system.


Introduction
Providing healthy living infrastructure in all parts of the country should be the responsibility of the authorities In order to prevent pollution and destruction of the environment, to provide the necessary conditions for the protection and continuation of a lively and vibrant life in all areas. According to the instructions of the Deputy of Municipalities Organization, which has been issued with the aim of improving the situation and improving the management of solid waste, in order to minimize the adverse effects of waste on the environment and water resources and solve health and social problems. In addition to identifying the executive bodies responsible for solid waste management, the method of waste collection, the place of temporary storage, landfill and the conditions of acquisition and collection costs, transportation and disposal of waste are also clarified. Today, Municipal solid waste strategic management is an effective step towards achieving organizational goals in long-term plans, the aim of this study was to provide strategic planning for solid waste management in Golestan province to achieve the desired result. The purpose of this study is to present an appropriate strategic plan for the principled management and sanitary disposal of waste in Golestan province to achieve sustainable development in terms of social, economic and environmental development using the SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) and matrix methods. (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) is QSPM.

Methodology
In this descriptive-analytical study, basic information was obtained through library texts, observations, completing a questionnaire through 30 experts in this field. Then, SWOT matrix and QSPM quantitative strategic planning matrix were used to present the strategic plan of solid waste management in Golestan province.In each of the 4 reports of Golestan province, to examine and identify environmental factors, including internal environmental factors, ie strengths and weaknesses, and external environmental factors, ie opportunities and threats in the integrated solid waste management of municipalities and rural areas. Golestan province has been studied by collecting the opinions of experts in the form of a questionnaire and on a Likert scale with 3 options (agree / disagree / no comment). Variables in the internal and external environments of urban waste management have been identified and all strategic factors have been evaluated. More important as well as less valuable factors were identified and then prioritized. To evaluate the internal and external strategic factors, internal and external factors evaluation matrices IFE (Internal Factors Evaluation), table 3, and EFE (External Factors Evaluation), table 4, were used, respectively. Finally, the SWOT matrix was drawn and then the QSPM, table 5, model was used to analyze and prioritize strategies.
First, the existing variables in the internal and external environment of the waste were identified. Therefore, strategic factors are evaluated and important and less important factors are identified. And prioritized. IFE and EFE matrices were used to evaluate internal and external strategic factors. Then form the SWOT matrix and By analyzing it, possible strategies were identified. A tool called IE matrix was used to simultaneously analyze internal and external factors. An analytical method was also used to determine the relative attractiveness of the strategies This method is called the QSPM Strategic Quantitative Programming Matrix. The QSPM matrix shows that using strengths in waste management, threats can be turned into opportunities and weaknesses into strengths. It should be noted that the order of priority of strategies is based on their overall weight in reform and movement towards sustainable development.

Conclusion
Using this method, strategies in Golestan province were prioritized based on the attractiveness score as follows:
- Cooperation and support of the government to allocate the necessary funds Encourage the private sector to invest
- Alignment of the Organization of Municipalities and Villages with the Ministry of Energy to replace renewable and biofuel with fossil fuels
- Using the capacity of agricultural jihad to use the produced compost in farms and gardens
- The need to conduct studies on the introduction of technologies such as RDF and its use in cement plants Holding meetings with senior and technical managers of cement factories to justify and use RDF in the future
- Training of municipalities and villages in the direction of principled and optimal waste management
The findings showed that the most important strategy with the highest score is necessary to achieve the goals of the organization and achieve sustainable, cooperation and government support for allocation of credits, table 6. It is the next priority to create the opportunity to attract private partnerships. The strategic priorities can be achieved in the path of sustainable development, a suitable step for achieving the goals of the environment biological solid waste management in Municipalities and Villages of Golestan Province. Municipalities and local organizations can organize and implement the necessary policies to strengthen local innovations. Families, industries and businesses, departments and service providers in the field of solid waste are also required to implement urban solid waste management system.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic Planning
  • Solid waste
  • Management
  • Municipalities and Villages of Golestan Province