نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 مدیر گروه عمران ، دانشکده علوم ومهندسی دانشگاه علم و هنر یزد
2 پردیس فنی - مهندسی - دانشکده محیط زیست - دانشگاه تهران
3 دانشگاه علم و هنر یزد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Water is the most important element of life that plays a fundamental role in the emergence of human civilizations and the construction of cities. Today, security of water is recognized as an essential challenge. According to a systemic approach, water security is a complex and dynamic mechanism in which social and ecological processes interact with each other and, along with the recognition of feedback cycles, present reactive responses to human needs. The purpose of the present study is to explain the water security based on the systemic and integrated viewpoint, infer the analytical levels of water security, and present the conceptual model of the capability of the historic structures of desert cities in providing water security. This is an inferential-comparative study. Data collection tools are library studies and review of documents. The results of the developed comparative model indicate that the functions of the historic hydraulic structures of desert cities (economic-social-cultural-ecological) are in line with the analytical levels of water security (social security of water, economic security of water, environmental safety of water, urban security of water, and resilience to crises).