عنوان مقاله [English]
Examining housing indicators is one of the different means and methods of knowing the characteristics of housing, with the help of which one can know the effective parameters in housing and facilitate any planning and decision-making about housing. The ever-increasing demand for housing has led to more attention being directed toward the quantitative aspects of housing. As a result, quality indicators of housing have received less attention. At the same time, the qualitative indicators of housing play a more colorful role than the quantitative dimensions due to responding to the social-cultural needs of the people of the society. In the reasonableness of housing, attention should first be paid to qualitative indicators such as content, meaning and concept, and then to quantitative indicators such as form. The residence or living space should be efficient in terms of quality indicators. The stated qualitative indicators include material and spiritual aspects. The material aspect is defined and formed by creating an environment with appropriate access and facilities, temperature, humidity and light, etc. The spiritual aspect is formed in order to respond to the spiritual needs of the users and is created through the creation of spaces in accordance with the way of life of the people of the society, which is derived from their culture and social customs.
This research has been studied with the descriptive-analytical research method. The results show that the recognition and reference to the basic concepts and principles of sustainable and native house building and the correct application of their principles on the one hand and the use of new knowledge such as the genetic algorithm to facilitate access to the architectural genome of native and sustainable houses on the one hand On the other hand, the main solutions are to get rid of problems and weaknesses in this field.
Housing quality indicators are divided into two cultural-social and physical parts based on the presented categories.
The set of socio-cultural indicators includes smaller indicators such as culture, identity, privacy, arrangement and spatial communication(Cormen et al., 2009, P5). Each of the stated indicators contains concepts such as spatial arrangement, spatial organization, functional spaces, spatial relations, hierarchy, introversion and permeability(Zare, Yeganeh, Dehghan,. 2022). The set of physical indicators also includes smaller indicators that contain concepts such as building form, physical enclosure, plan geometry, mass and space system, building orientation, number of floors.
According to the presented categories and concepts, it is possible to see that the indicators and concepts presented in the qualitative section of housing in the socio-cultural category are completely consistent with the genotype-forming indicators, and the concepts presented in the physical category are completely consistent with Phenotype forming indicators(Yeganeh, 2012, Yeganeh 2015).
Throughout history, houses have undergone many and significant changes in order to meet human needs. Always
Responding to the increasing growth of the population has led to the formation of houses that have fundamental problems and weaknesses. One of the most important reasons for these problems and weaknesses can be considered as the neglect and non-use of the basic physical, cultural, social, religious and identity structures and patterns of residential architecture or the architectural genome. Perhaps recognition and reference to the basic concepts and principles of home and home building and employment
The correctness of their foundations on the one hand and the use and application of new knowledge such as the genetic algorithm to facilitate access to the architectural genome of sustainable houses, on the other hand, are the main solutions and solutions to get rid of the problems and weaknesses in this field that have plagued contemporary architecture. Is. Considering the fact that among the methods of recognizing the genome of house architecture; It is possible to refer to 1- covering a variety of identification methods, 2- examining the concept, indicators and quantitative and qualitative standards of the house, 3- knowing the elements that make up the architectural genome of native houses, and 4- methods of applying the genetic algorithm.
The growth and development of the city and urbanization, along with the creation of facilities and welfare for human life, has caused an increase in environmental destruction and pollution. Therefore, the theory of sustainable urban development was proposed with regard to the negative effects of the growth of cities and it has proposed solutions to minimize urban problems. Among these solutions is the effort to create sustainability in urban housing. Housing, as the most important use in cities, which occupies a high percentage of the city's area, determines the quality of life and well-being of the people. How to design and build housing affects the environment, society, culture, economy, and also the daily life of people, their health and safety. Therefore, housing sustainability is an important step in achieving sustainable urban development in various social, economic, physical and environmental dimensions.
As a complex and multi-dimensional subject, architecture should have the opportunity and possibility of processing and diverse information. And parametric architecture has induced a new collective movement, on the other hand, this progress and development led to the creation of new issues in the field of design and components, and the form and image of architecture has been strongly influenced by this design, and it has entered a new phase of form finding and space design and spatial relationships. In the process of parametric design, they avoid flexible geometric principles, and parametric design, unlike the architecture of single styles, is not in the form of overhanging the structure as the ruling element in architecture, and the mutual relationship and understanding of two factors It shows a better feeling of the design and implementation process. One of the most important problems faced by architects in the gap between the initial design and the final design is organizing and defining uncertain forms. The use of genetic algorithm, like other computational systems, is inspired by natural systems, while other fields are computational tools based on The principles of biology have been adopted in the architectural design process. There has not been an extensive evolution, only recently there has been a significant change in the way architects have discovered techniques to deal with complex problems. By using architectural genome based on genetic algorithms, it is possible to continue architecture...