نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی محیط زیست ، دانشکده محیط زیست ، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The urban environment is one of the foundations of life in cities and urban development with ignoring the urban environment, causes the spread environmental hazards. Sustainable development is a comprehensive solution for preserving environmental resources of cities. Pavement is one of the major of urbanization that if it not done in line of sustainable development will cause environmental problems. The study trying to evaluate of environmental and sustainable development of different methods of pavement by using some multi-criteria analysis techniques.
Reducing air pollution during the production and operation of pavement, reduce the waste of water resources and its management and waste reduction of energy resources and recycling waste in the pavements were studied in this research to evaluate pavements construction. Results of the study focused on the optimal method of pavement among the global methods (Bituminous asphalt, Porous asphalt, Roller compressed concrete or RCC, Foamed concrete). Multi-criteria analysis methods are weighted sum, Adaptive planning, TOPSIS and Ordered weighted averaging operation. Research results show that in terms of sustainable development and environment of urban, foam concrete is a green pavement and the best way of methods have been proposed.